Disguising Your Car


     It is a bad idea to use your own vehicle as part of a disguise. If you need to wear a disguise in order to avoid being recognized then you need to avoid using your vehicle. You should make your choice of vehicles very, very carefully. You don’t want to choose something that is going to draw attention. You should think plain and unassuming.

     There are many things that you can do to disguise a vehicle. The very first thing that you will want to do is get a car that is five to ten years old. Make sure that is has no identifying marks, for example; bumper stickers, vinyl decals like flames or lettering, or fancy rims. You may want to change the tires on the car to something that is more low – key. My dad could recognize my mother’s car by its tires, so you need to choose tires that are very common.

     You can do other things to change how the vehicle looks. You can mix and match the side panels. This will allow you to change the color of various parts of the car. Essentially a solid red Chevy Cavalier could become a red and green Chevy Cavalier.  Use this technique carefully if your car becomes too much of a patch work then it will be very noticable and even more memorable.

     You also can hide the color of a car without paying for it to be completely repainted. The first way is to coat it in a fine oil mist and drive up and down a dirt road. The oil will cause the dirt to stick to the car making it difficult to tell the true color of the car.

Another way to hide the color of the car is to paint it with water based paint. DO NOT USE ACRYLIC PAINT. The paint needs to be able to wash off of the car without damaging the existing paint job. A good choice of paint is poster paint. It is water based and will not damage the cars existing paint job.



A Deviation from the Norm

I have been told that my blog has no personal touch.  So today I am not going to add a informational post instead it will be a little bit more personal. 

This blog actually stemmed from a book I wrote and self published a year ago.  The book can be found here:  http://www.amazon.com/Capes-Cowls-Masks-Guide-Becoming/dp/1500809748/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1432047773&sr=1-1&keywords=Capes+Cowls+and+Masks

I will be honest with you I have had a lifelong love affair with super heroes.  So when I concieved the idea for my book, it was a pretty easy book to write.  It took four years, largely due to the fact that I had to do a lot of research.  However, it was a labor of love.  It took a lot of work to go from point A to point B, but it was worth every painstaking detail.

Now that the book is out and I have begun working to promote it this blog has become my focal point.  Unfortunately The nature of the posts I write require more time than most.  I have to do research for each post.  I had been trying to post every week but I may have to slow down to every two weeks since many of the subjects I write on force me to spend several hours researching.  Please bear with me as I try to get organized enough to make this blog interesting and informational.

I am committed to quality here whether I have one reader or one thousand.  It is important to me, to make sure that the information I am providing is current and factual.  I do not want to make blog posts that are fiction and pass them off as fact. 

The next post will be back along the same old stuff that I did in the last six posts.  Hopefully this post has provided some insight into what my mission is here.


Foot Surveillance


Foot surveillance has its own special techniques. It can be done as part of team of investigators or on your own, though it is easier to perform with more than one person. Three people is the optimum team size; you can, however, use up to six. The use of multiple people minimizes the rick of detection and decreases the chance that the subject will get away. Since super heroes typically work alone, however, you will most likely need to perform foot surveillance on your own. This is going to make it considerably harder.

First of all, one man surveillance is not flexible which makes it very difficult to use.

But since this is most likely the type of surveillance that you will use, I will give you some tips that could help make it easier.

Second, when performing one-man foot surveillance, it is very easy for the target to spot you. Because you are always near them, the target likely will become aware that you are following them. If this happens, they will take actions first to confirm that they are being tailed. Once they confirm you are following them, they probably will try to lose you. Most likely they will signal that they are aware of your presence by stair-stepping through a residential area that is relatively quiet. If the target takes this action, you have been exposed.

Third, do not use elaborate disguises; most disguises will actually make

you stand out. The best disguise if you are doing surveillance is the simple one. You could change your clothes, wear a hat, a different coat, and perhaps glasses. Do not do anything crazy like put on a wig, walk with a limp, or change your accent. Changing your accent is ridiculous, because you should not be speaking to your target.

Fourth, you should always operate behind the subject whenever you are on the same side of the street. Stay as close as you possibly can without being noticed and as close as street conditions dictate. As you follow the subject, you should keep in mind light conditions, the possibility of the subject taking evasive action, and your objectives. Your objectives are things like, are you following the subject to see where they are going or are you looking for them to make a

transaction? You will need to be closer if wish to see a transaction.

Fifth, as a general rule, the more people there are on the street the closer, you should stay to the subject. You do not want to lose your subject in the crowd. The advantage to a crowd is that while it is easier for you to lose your subject, it is also harder to be seen by them.

Whenever you are doing any kind of surveillance, and foot surveillance, in particular you should be mindful of T.E.D.D.  T.E.D.D. stands for Time, Environments, Distance, and Demeanor. T.E.D.D. is how you can identify a hostile operative. By keeping T.E.D.D. mind you can avoid being recognized as a hostile operative. You need to avoid being seen repeatedly over time in different

environments and over distance. Most importantly avoid displaying a poor demeanor. Do not look like you are loitering or watching your target.



Dealing with a Dog Attack Part 1

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there are 4.7 million dog attacks in the U.S. each year. Of those 4.7 million 800,000 require medical treatment and 17 result in death. These numbers show that no matter how many laws are made or how careful people are dogs are still going to attack.

               In most cases dog attacks occur on other dogs. Humans are bitten when they intervene. This occurs when the owner of a dog tries to get an attacking dog away from his dog or dogs. You should never try to break up a dog fight. From the time I was a kid my father always told me to just let to animals fight. They have no concept of who they are biting and can hurt you whether they mean to or not.

               Dogs test the water by nature. They are trying to figure out where they stand with you. I have seen many dog owners that are not the pack leader. As a result the dog pays no attention to them and disregards their commands. This is problematic; it means that, that animal is doing whatever it decides to do. When that animal encounters another human it is going to try to establish itself as the pack leader as well. With children and people unexperienced with dogs this can have a disastrous effect.

               So how do you avoid a dog attack? The best way is to avoid entering the territory of a strange dog. Unfortunately that is difficult to do in your everyday life. In many cases we do not realize that a dog even lives in a particular place until it is too late. Avoiding the dog only works if it is feasible, and often it is not.

               Dogs have two types of aggression, defensive and offensive. A fearful dog uses defensive aggression. In this case the dog may growl and bark at you and back away. The dog is hoping that you will do the same. You should back away slowly and keep your on eye on the dog. Try not to make any threatening movements, and it may even help to speak in a calm soothing tone. In most cases a fearful dog is not going to attack as long as it believes that you are going to keep your distance and stay out of its territory.

               Here are some rules for dealing with an aggressive dog:

  • Stand still
  • Keep an eye on the dog
  • Call for the owner
  • Speak in a soothing tone
  • Always face the dog




Interrogation (Book Excerpt)

Sorry about this but I am short on time this week so here is a small excerpt from my book about interrogation.

 Interrogation can be defined as the skillful questioning of witnesses and suspects. Usually the interrogation of non-suspects is referred to as interviewing witnesses. For the purpose of not over-complicating the three “I’s” by making it four, however, we will refer to it all as interrogation.

     Many investigators become over-anxious to move into more complex interrogation techniques and forget simply to ask if the suspect committed the crime. As ridiculous as it sounds, this frequently will lead to a confession. Murderers like to talk about their crimes; people in general want to talk. The confession of guilt is made due to a need to justify their actions.

     A confession usually is needed for a conviction; rarely does the available circumstantial evidence lead to a conviction. In the event that a witness proves to be reluctant or a suspect difficult, you will need to be able to use more complex methods of interrogation. Interrogation must always be practiced. If you fail to practice for even a couple of months, it can hurt your ability to interrogate a witness or suspect with success.


Hiding in the Shadows

Night-fighting is more than just a skill, it is an art. Anyone can hide in the dark; however, being able to use the shadows to distort your form and hide in plain sight takes real expertise. Very few people can move from shadow to shadow without being seen, but it is possible.

Darkness is a place of uncertainty for

humans. The fear of the dark that we experience is largely due to the knowledge that most predators hunt at night. Whether those predators are humans or beasts makes no difference; the fear is the same. The fear of the dark is called nyctophobia. It is common in children and exists in everyone to a certain extent. It can be a crippling fear and must be overcome if you are going to become a competent night fighter.

To adequately discuss night-fighting I will have to explain function of the eye a little, so that you can take full advantage of the techniques presented. Our eyes are responsible for eighty percent of the input that our brains receive. Low light levels significantly decrease the amount of input available for our brains to process. As a result, humans are at a disadvantage in low

light levels.

The human eye contains cones which see color and rods which see black and white. The rods are what provide our night vision. In order to see at night the rods in our eyes produce what is called rhodopsin or visual purple. It takes about forty minutes for the rods to reach their maximum sensitivity. The sensitivity varies depending upon age, health, diet, and environment. For example, in an urban setting your eyes may never reach maximum sensitivity due the constant presence of light – both natural and artificial.

The unfortunate aspect of visual purple is that it can be destroyed by light. This means that things like car headlights, flashlights, and flash bangs can wipe out our visual purple, making us temporarily blind in the dark.


Visual purple begins to regenerate immediately. Over the course of forty minutes your eyes will become more and more sensitive until they reach their peak. At their peak sensitivity, your eyes are 30,000 times more sensitive to light. The only problem is that until those forty minutes expire you are not seeing at your best in the dark.

The fact that light destroys visual purple can work to your advantage as well. For instance, you might wait until a car goes through a gate and flashes the sentry’s eyes with the headlights before you attempt to penetrate an installation. Or you might use the age old trick of throwing a rock over the sentry’s head in order to make him look in the direction of a light, thus destroying his visual purple. This will allow you to slip by while he is temporarily blind.


You will have to move even when your enemy is not blind. To do this requires a lot of skill. If you keep certain details in mind as you move you will have more success. First, always be mindful of shadows. As the night progresses the position of the moon is going to change. This means shadows are going to get longer and shorter and, in some cases, disappear altogether. For example, if you go up a road that is concealed in the shadows on one side, chances are very good that when you return those shadows won’t be there anymore. Before you go up the road, make sure you have a plan for getting back.

Make sure that you chose a new hiding spot before you leave your existing one. Also make sure that you have a route to travel. Don’t just take off running hoping to make it. Move with direction and decision. Planning is part


of good concealment. Without planning you might as well be a rabbit trying to escape a predator. Don’t be a rabbit!


In order to make it easier to hide in the shadows, do whatever you can to make your silhouette appear inhuman. If your silhouette is disguised, a sentry has a hard time distinguishing you from the background. A blanket can be very useful; you can pull it over yourself and look like a rock instead of a human. Keep your arms tucked against your sides to appear more like a tree and less like a person.

There are all kinds of things you can do to distort your silhouette. Be creative with


it. The more you distort your silhouette the easier it will be to hide among the shadows. Part of the purpose of Batman’s cape is to make his silhouette appear inhuman. I don’t recommend wearing a cape, however, as it is a problem in combat, and it can catch on things when trying to move quietly.

Your silhouette can work as a weapon too. You can create human-looking silhouettes by putting a t-shirt on a lamp or a tree. While your enemy is distracted by the fake silhouette, you can incapacitate them. You can also disguise your silhouette by putting on the enemy uniform and carrying the enemy’s weapon. Or a woman could make herself look like a man by putting on large padded clothing that hides her figure and makes her seem physically larger.

When fighting at night you should be prepared for all contingencies. It is not a matter of if something will go wrong; it is simply a matter of when. Be prepared to change your tactics quickly. Night-fighting increases the time it takes to make a decision. You can cut this time down by having a plan in place to deal with common problems.


It is important to be aware of lighting conditions and properties. If you understand them you can use them to your advantage. Surveying your environment and making decisions regarding the light will help you remain invisible and make the most strategic moves possible.

Light comes in four different levels. These four levels are bright, medium, low, and none. Each of these levels has advantages and disadvantages.

Bright light can be detrimental to your eyesight. This light can also be referred to as blinding light, depending on the level of intensity. A bright light on you makes you easy to see and makes it hard for you to see your enemy. A bright light on your enemy makes it easy to see your enemy and hard for the enemy to see you.

Medium light is essentially the ideal light level. It allows you to see color and depth. This makes it easy for you to identify and neutralize targets.

Low light makes it difficult for you to see. At this level of lighting you are no

longer seeing color and depth. Your night vision is being used and, for the most part, you are seeing silhouettes. This can make it difficult to identify and neutralize targets.

None refers to having no light with which to see. This happens in locations like caves or rooms with no windows and no lights. This is a particularly dangerous situation. Here, being able to apply the use of a personal light source can be advantageous. Once you can see, however, so can your enemy.


You will want to dress appropriately for night time operations. You’ll need to wear soft, well-fitting clothes. If you wear the

wrong clothes, they will betray you. Starched clothes swish, and baggy clothes could snag.

You will need to blouse your pant-legs by tying a string around your pant-legs at your ankles. This will help to avoid noise and keep them from catching. You should limit the amount of equipment you carry. The more weight on you the slower you will move and the more likely you are to make noise.

If you have to scale a fence with a duffle bag full of equipment, you’re in trouble

. You have few good options. Carrying the duffle bag over the fence will slow you down. Throwing the bag over the fence before you climb will make noise. My suggestion is: if you can’t carry it in your utility belt it doesn’t need to come with you.


Tactical night-fighting is a difficult skill to master. Certain rules, however, can assist in your training and execution of the tactics described above.

First of all, the acronym OODA can be very helpful. OODA refers to Observe, Orient, Decide, and Act. Under normal circumstances applying OODA is difficult. Under night conditions it becomes even more difficult. Your ability to observe is limited by the light level, thus making it more difficult to orient yourself to the situation. The confusion generated by the darkness makes it more difficult to decide on actions, thus the speed at which you act is greatly decreased. That is why training and practice is so important.

This next rule is applicable to any


situation but is particularly important while fighting at night. “Don’t turn your back on anything you haven’t checked.” Fight at Night pg. 146. When it is dark, it is easier for your enemy to hide and move, so it is necessary to make sure you have adequately checked everything before you turn your back on it.

Finally, darkness is the ally of anyone carrying a bladed weapon. Darkness can allow someone with a knife to get close enough to use it. Darkness can make it difficult to see a knife, and if the enemy accomplishes deploying this weapon quietly, he is one step closer to using it. It also works in reverse though. If you can deploy your knife quietly and get close enough to use it, then you have the advantage.

This is an excerpt from my book but it goes along with the next post, so I thought that I would include it.



The Problem of Canines

Guard dogs can be the hardest part of an infiltration.  I will be honest there is really no good way to deal with a dog.  Hollywood would lead you to believe that a dog can be manipulated.  This is actually untrue.  In this post I will dispell som of the myths about dealing with dogs.

A dog can be fed and/or drugged in order to subdue it.

This is a lie.  A trained guard dog will not eat anything that it is not given by it’s handler.  They are trained from the time they are puppies not to eat strange food.  This is done specifically to avoid the dog being poisoned, drugged, or otherwise compromised.  People that train guard dogs will deliberately scold the dog if it tries to eat anything that is not put in it’s food dish by the handler.  In many cases they will have friends try to feed the dog or leave small amounts of food hidden in the yard.  When the dog tries to eat the food it is scolded.  Eventually the dog learns not to eat strange food.

Walking down a river or stream will cause a dog to lose your scent. 

That is not true.  A dog does not track us by our smell.  They actually use the skin cells that flake off of our body in order to track us.  As a result in less you can find a way to keep your skin cells from flaking off and becoming available to be inhaled by the dog.  The dog will be able to track.

However, there is one thing that you can do to slow down a tracking dog.  If you can create distrust between the handler and the dog you can gain a huge advantage.  If the handler believes that they cannot trust the dog then the speed at which they track you will be greatly decreased.

It is possible to out run a dog.

I don’t think anyone really believes this but to be safe.  A human being cannot out run a dog on foot.  Most humans can travel between 6 and 8 miles per hour for short distances.  This is dependent upon gender and health.  A dog can travel between 15 to 30 miles per hour.  So the average dog is going to catch the average human in a very short amount of time.  Your best bet for out running a dog is to get in a car and drive away.

In my next post I will discuss ways to deal with an attacking dog…